No subject causes more confusion, insecurity, and, at times, even doubt among Christians than prayer.
People ask, “What am I allowed to pray to God about? Will God be mad at me if I ask for the wrong things? What am I supposed to say?”
On top of basic questions like these, there are times when almost every Christian feels that God has turned a deaf ear to their desperate prayers.
Or, they feel that the path that seems so clear and right to them is being blocked by God.
In circumstances like these, we may wonder where God is, if God is, or, if God is there, why He isn’t responding as we devoutly beg him to respond.
Today, we begin a four-part series on prayer. Three weeks from today, we’ll consider the mystery of unanswered prayer.
But today and over the next two Sundays, we’ll consider how to pray and, along the way, why.
This morning, I ask you to turn to Luke 11:1-4 (page 725 in the pew Bibles). There, Jesus is seen by His disciples doing what He often did. He’s praying.
Jesus‘ disciples were taken with the fact that, at every opportunity He had, Jesus prayed to His Father. Seeing how important prayer was to Jesus and remembering that John the Baptist had taken time to teach his disciples how to pray, the disciples make a simple request. “Lord,” they say to Jesus, “teach us to pray.”
In response to their request, Jesus proceeded to share with them what we call the Lord’s Prayer. Matthew has a slightly different version of the same prayer.
And the version we use during worship is sort of a mashup of the Matthew and Luke versions, along with the addition of a doxology--”For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory forever and ever”--that the Church has been adding to the prayer ever since the late first century. (Doxology is a compound of Greek words and it means word of glory.)
Nonetheless, when Jesus was asked how to pray, He shared this prayer.
That doesn’t mean that all our praying should parrot the Lord’s Prayer. Jesus warns us against prayer that’s mere repetition. In Matthew 6:7 (page 678), Jesus says: “And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words.”
Vain repetition isn’t prayer!
Nor is long winded praying.
But in the Lord’s Prayer, Jesus teaches us much of what we need to know about how to pray. So, what exactly does He teach us?
Back to Luke 11:2, please. Jesus begins the prayer with, “Father.” Other translations insist on what we have traditionally been taught: “Our Father in heaven.”
In The Small Catechism, Martin Luther calls this the introduction to the prayer. And, though only four words in length--Our Father in heaven, it is amazing: Through Jesus Christ, we are given the privilege of an intimate relationship with the Creator of the entire universe!
As many of you know, the word translated as Father is, in the Aramaic language in which Jesus daily spoke and first taught this prayer, Abba, is a word used by small children of their daddies.
Galatians 3:26 in the New Testament says that “in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith.” That’s why we’re privileged to call the first Person of the Triune God our Father!
In teaching us to address God the Father so intimately, Jesus is telling us that God is never too busy to hear from those who follow Jesus Christ or are open to knowing God the only way you can, through Christ.
Jesus once told the story of a widow who had been swindled and who sought justice from a corrupt judge, a judge who only found in favor of plaintiffs who paid him bribes. Initially, the judge wouldn’t hear the poor widow out. But she wouldn’t stop nagging the judge. She petitioned him constantly. In Luke 18:4-5, the corrupt judge in Jesus' parable caves. He says: “Even though I don't fear God or care what people think, yet because this widow keeps bothering me, I will see that she gets justice, so that she won't eventually come and attack me!”
Now, don't misunderstand! Jesus is not saying that our Father in heaven is like that unjust judge. Jesus says that if an unjust judge who has no respect for God or people can eventually be forced into listening to a poor widow’s pleas, how much more will the pure and incorruptible God Who sent His only Son so that all who believe in Him will have everlasting life be quick to hear us when we call to Him?
The God Who, through Jesus, we know is our Father, wants to hear from His children and we need never hesitate to call out to Him.
The late Lutheran writer R.A. Dell, whose Senior Catechism taught generations of young Lutherans what the Christian faith is about, pointed out that in Luke 18:1, Jesus says that believers “should always pray.” In other words, prayer isn’t an add-on to the Christian life. It’s central to it. Jesus commands Christians to pray.
But Dell also puts his finger on why Jesus makes this command when he says, “Prayer is a communion with God, in which we bring all our joys and sorrows to Him as our dear Friend.”
We call God our Father because prayer is the intimate conversation that God our Father and our best friend wants to have with us! Knowing this is key to knowing how to pray.
Prayer isn’t a skill to be learned, but the conduit for a relationship to be savored.
But we dare not forget that prayer is also an encounter with the Lord of the universe Who is infinitely greater than us in power and goodness!
God is the friend of believers in Christ. But He is not our buddy!
When we come before Him, we should be ever mindful of God's holiness and power.
Go back to Luke 11:2, please, and read the first petition of the Lord’s Prayer, the first thing Jesus teaches us to ask from God in prayer: “Hallowed be Your Name.”
Jesus teaches us that when we come to God in prayer, we need to acknowledge that God is the King and Creator of all, Who deserves to be loved, feared, honored, respected, and surrendered to.
The hardest lesson a parent must teach her or his child is that the child isn’t the center of the universe. It's a hard lesson to teach and it's a hard lesson to learn! You and I are born in sin, meaning that Adam and Eve have passed onto you and me a desire to “be like God.” None of us is the center of the universe!
But when each of us places our own desires and impulses first in our priorities, our lives and the life of the world gets out of whack.
Everything that is wrong with our world--everything that is wrong with me, I confess--is the result of this kind of sinful me-first thinking.
When we pray that God’s Name and God’s will be hallowed--respected, revered, held in awe--we are saying, “God, I bow my knee to You and I beg You to put the world and me right by ensuring that You and Your good will are of first importance!”
This petition that God’s Name will be hallowed and respected and praised by us and by the world bears a relationship to the second commandment. There, God tells us, “You shall not take the Name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold guiltless those who take His Name in vain.” To do anything vainly is to do it for no good purpose, uselessly.
When we use God’s Name as a swear word, or as a witty punctuation, as often happens on sitcoms, we are violating the holiness of God’s Name.
It’s a privilege to be given access to God by knowing Him and His Name. That’s why Luther says that “we should fear and love God so that we do not use His Name superstitiously or to curse, swear, lie, or deceive, but call upon Him in every time of need, and worship Him with prayer, praise, and thanksgiving.”
When we ask that God’s Name be hallowed, we’re asking that He would give us the faith to use His Name only to petition Him in Jesus’ Name, to praise Him for His goodness and grace, and to thank Him for His blessings.
By praying that God's Name will be hallowed, we militate against our inborn selfishness and re-orient our hearts, minds, and wills toward pleasing God the creator, not his creatures.
Back to Luke 11:2. The second petition Jesus teaches us to pray is, “Your kingdom come.” Notice that we’re at the second petition of this prayer and Jesus still doesn't want us to pray for what we want.
In the second petition, we’re still praying that God will help us put God’s priorities first. In this case, we pray that His kingdom will come.
God’s kingdom is God’s reign. God’s kingdom exists when and where people voluntarily submit to the rule of the Lord we know in Jesus Christ, where people take up their crosses (that is, acknowledge their sin), repent, and believe in Jesus Christ as their only God and Lord, and so, have the assurance of life with God, now and in eternity.
As Luther says, “God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we [are able to] believe His holy Word and live a godly life now and in eternity.”
King David was encouraging the people of ancient Israel (and Christians who, through Jesus, have come to believe in Israel’s God), to live under the reign of God when he sang in Psalm 46:10: “Be still and know that I am God! I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth.”
I am convinced that, in these times, there is no more important prayer for us to pray than that God’s kingdom will come, that Christ will rule as King over us all.
The world needs a new awakening to the goodness of God and to our need of the new life that only comes from the crucified and risen Jesus Christ.
And we Christians need to realize that being a follower of Jesus Christ isn’t about being a nice person or keeping our mouths shut in the face of evil.
Those who live in the kingdom of God love all their fellow sinners while hating all sin, whether it's the sin inside themselves or the sin enslaving the world to Satan and hell.
They are intentional about sharing Christ in loving ways with the people in their lives who don’t know Christ.
We need for God to come and reign over us, to turn our lives and the lives of our churches, our countries, and our world to Jesus Christ. But this will not happen if we Christians are not intentional about regularly, in our own ways, praying that God’s kingdom will come to our churches, our friends and neighbors, our homes, and our world. When we ask for God’s kingdom to come to us and to our relationships and our world, God goes to work.
So, how do we pray?
- First, believing in Christ, we come to God our Father, authentically and helplessly as children who need Him for life and guidance, forgiveness and hope.
- Second, we pray that His Name will be respected and honored, first by us and also by the world.
- And third, we pray that His kingdom, which comes without our help but which we can only receive through faith in Christ, will come to us afresh each day, finding us truly submissive to Jesus, tapping into the power of the Holy Spirit to live lives of devotion and holiness.